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The AOP Huile de la Vallée des Baux (Baux Valley Oil AOP)


L'AOP/AOCThe Appellation d'origine contrôlée (A.O.C.) or Appellation d'origine protégée (A.O.P.) certifies the quality of the product and guarantees its origin. This involves a system of traceability put in place at a European level that moreover concerns all products; its specifications are very strict. As regards olive-growing, the 'appellation' guarantees: the geographic origin of the olives and the unique use of the varieties that are typical of that region; the cultivation methods; the very precise method of production of the oil in the given geographic sector.


These provisions are defined by decree and put in place after verification by the Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (I.N.A.O - the official AOC/AOP body). The application of these provisions is checked by a management body and an independent inspection body. An A.O.P. is thus an indisputable guarantee of quality for the final consumer.


After the Conseil National des Arts Culinaires (National Council of Culinary Arts) in 1995 awarded it the label of "site with remarkable taste" for its olive grove, the Baux Valley was rewarded in 1997 with three Appellations d'Origine Contrôlée for its olive oil, its crushed olives and its black olives.


A new A.O.C. was created in 2007: the A.O.C. Provence. Since our region falls within the perimeter of this new A.O.C., we also process the olives of interested olive-growers for it.






For our A.O.P.'s the 4 main varieties of olives used are:

  • the Grossane : specialty of the Baux Valley, it is a large, fleshy black olive that produces a mild oil and which is also used as a table olive, peppered and on a cocktail stick.
  • the Salonenque : main variety of the Baux Valley region, it is the olive that gives the best return and provides an oil that it is very smooth. It is also used in the preparation of crushed olives.
  • the Verdale : typical of our Department County), it is used for oil but also in candy-making.
  • the Beruguette or Aglandau : variety with a strong flavor and a characteristic green color, it has a good return and can also by used as a table olive.
  • Then there is often also, but to a lesser degree, the Picholine, originally from the Gard region.


Our region, the Baux Valley in Provence, covers nearly 6,300 hectares. With approximately 580,000 trees (some 80,000 of which alone are in the municipality of Mouriès), grown on 1,450 hectares, it has the greatest density of olive trees in the south of France. It should be said that a large number of new olive fields have also been planted in the valleys of the Alpilles in the context of protection against fires: a well-maintained grove can act as an excellent fire barrier! The olive oil production of the six municipalities of the Baux Valley represents 70 % of the production of the Bouches-du-Rhône area and 15 % of the national production. Mouriès is one of the leading olive municipalities in France.



Note: By decision of the European Commission, the term AOP is due to definitively replace the term AOC from 2012.

Moulin Coopératif de Mouriès - Quartier du Mas Neuf - 13890 Mouriès - E-mail : contact@moulincoop.com